How much battery power is needed to run a 350 liters fridge for 10 hours?

battery power to run a fridge

Many factors affect the power consumption of a refrigerator. So while we could calculate a value that specifically answers this question, it will only be approximated. To truly get an accurate answer, you need to consider the multiple factors that affect a refrigerator’s energy consumption. 

Modern refrigerators are now extremely energy efficient, with inverter fridges being incredibly efficient. When determining your refrigerator unit’s energy efficiency, an effortless way is to check its star rating. This is a standard means of classification, with a one-star rating being the lowest and a five-star rating the highest. 

What factors affect a fridge’s energy efficiency? 

  1. Age: How long have you owned this fridge? From which era did it come from? The older the fridge, the less energy efficient it is. If you compare two fridges of the same model and same star ratings, but with one fridge being in use for a few years and the other being brand new, the used fridge will be a lot less energy efficient. 
  2. Compressor cycles: The compressor is the component that kickstarts the refrigeration process, and so, you can consider it as the actual machine that powers the fridge. The compression type and rating affect the energy efficiency of the fridge. 
  3. Frequency of opening: If the refrigerator is opened and used frequently throughout the day, the compressor will need to work harder to preserve and maintain the system’s temperature. Thus, it is less energy-efficient and consumes more power. 
  4. Climate and weather: Refrigerators work relative to their surroundings. They don’t operate in a vacuum. If the climate or weather is hotter, the compressor needs to work harder to compensate for the hot surroundings. As a fridge cools by basically removing all the “hot,” the more “hot” there is, the more work the system needs to do. 
  5. Thermostat temperature setting: The lower the temperature you have set your fridge to maintain, the harder the compressor will maintain that temperature setting. 

How to compute for the power consumption of your refrigerator

METHOD ONE USING WATTAGE RATING 

Step 1: Determine the wattage of your refrigerator. 

This can typically be found at the back of your fridge in the compliance plate. The wattage heavily varies depending on the brand, the compressor that was used, and so on. If the compliance plate doesn’t identify the wattage, you can also compute it by multiplying the voltage (V) and amps (A) specified in the plate. 

A 350L fridge with a 3-star energy efficiency rating typically uses a wattage of 130W. 

Step 2: Determine the number of hours that the refrigerator is used. 

A refrigerator only consumed power if the compressor is running and when the inside light fixtures are turned off. This means that even if a refrigerator is plugged in for 24 hours, it will not be consuming energy for this period. A safe assumption to make is 8 – 10 hours, which is also the period of time that you are asking this question.  

Step 3: Multiply the value from Step 1 (wattage) and Step 2 (hours of usage). 

This will give you the daily energy consumption of your refrigerator. 

In this case, the value from step 1 = 130W.

The value from step 2 = 8hours and 10 hours

130W x 8 hours = 1040 Wh/day or 1.04 kWh/day 

130W x 10 hours = 1300 Wh/day or 1.3kWh/day

For 8-10 hours, a 350L refrigerator with a 3-star rating would consume 1.04 – 1.3 kWh/day. 

METHOD TWO USING POWER CONSUMPTION RATING 

Step 1: In some instances, you won’t determine the wattage from the compliance plate. Even determining the voltage and current rating to calculate the wattage won’t be an option. Instead, the power consumption is provided. This is usually identified using the label kWh/year. 

The Hisense Top Mount Frost Free Fridge has a capacity of 350L, and a star rating of 3 has a power consumption of 380/yr. 

Step 2: Divide the value you got from step 1 (kWh/year) by 365 to determine the refrigerator unit’s energy consumption in a day. 

That would give us 1.04 kWh/day. 

How to power a refrigerator using a battery 

Step 1: Let’s use the value we got from the second method from here on out (1.04 kWh/day). This would be for a 24-hour basis, but since we’re calculating for 8-10 hours only, we’re looking at a wattage of 172-240 for the refrigerator. 

Step 2: The inverter to be used with the battery has an assigned 80% efficiency. Meaning that if it takes 100 watts for the DC power, it will return 80 watts of AC power. 

Step 3: Considering a Factor of Safety at least 2, we’re left with 350-480 watts for the refrigerator. 

Step 4: That means that if the voltage rating of the refrigerator is 110V, you need a current rating of 3.2A-4.4A. For a 220V fridge, you need a current rating of 1.75A-2.4A. 

For a 12V inverter, then you’ll need a battery with a current rating of 30Ah to 40 Ah. For a 24V inverter, the current ratings would be halved to 15Ah to 20Ah. 

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